Maritime, Shipping and Commercial Terms,
Expressions, Abbreviations, Measuring Units, etc.
Delivery Authorised Documents. ® Delivery Order.
Goto : Delivered At Frontier
Form on which physical damage to containers is recorded.
Damaged Cargo Report
Written statement establishing damages to cargo and/or equipment.
Cargo of a hazardous nature as classified under IMO regulations.
Dangerous Goods Declaration
Document issued by a Shipper in accordance with applicable conventions or regulations, describing hazardous goods or materials for transport purposes, and certifying that the latter have been packed and labelled in accordance with the provisions of the prevailing conventions or regulations.
Dangerous Goods Packing Certificate
A document as part of the dangerous goods declaration in which the responsible party declares that the cargo has been stowed in accordance with the rules in a clean container according to the IMDG regulations and properly secured.
Documentation Control Centre
Dangerous Cargo Request
DDC (Destination Delivery Charge)
A charge assessed by the Carrier for handling positioning of a full container within the container yard.
Goto : Delivered Duty Unpaid
The total weight of cargo, cargo equipment, bunkers, provisions, water, stores and spare parts which a vessel is designed to carry. The Deadweight is expressed in tons.
A service specially designed for the use by one or more particular customers.
Tank fitted and equipped for the carriage of liquids in bulk.
Accounts owing money past due; issued by Carrier if monies are outstanding past credit agreement terms.
Delivered At Frontier (DAF)
Means that the seller delivers when the goods are placed at the disposal of the buyer on the arriving means of transport not unloaded, cleared for export, but not cleared for import at the named point and place at the frontier, but before the customs border of the adjoining country. The term «frontier» may be used for any frontier including that of the country of export. Therefore, it is of vital importance that the frontier in question be defined precisely by always naming the point and place in the term. This term may be used irrespective of the mode of transport when goods are to be delivered at a land frontier. When delivery is to take place in the port of destination, on board a vessel or on the quay (wharf), the DES or DEQ terms should be used.
Delivered Duty Paid (DDP)
Means that the seller delivers the goods to the buyer, cleared for import, and not unloaded from any arriving means of transport at the named place of destination. The seller has to bear all the costs and risks involved in bringing the goods thereto including, where applicable, any «duty» (which term includes the responsibility for and the risk of the carrying out of customs formalities and the payment of formalities, customs duties, taxes and other charges) for import in the country of destination. If the parties wish the buyer to bear all risks and costs of the import, the DDU term should be used. This term may be used irrespective of the mode of transport but when delivery is to take place in the port of destination on board the vessel or on the quay (wharf), the DES or DEQ terms should be used.
Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU)
Means that the seller delivers the goods to the buyer, not cleared for import, and not unloaded from any arriving means of transport at the named place of destination. The seller has to bear the costs and risks involved in bringing the goods thereto, other than, where applicable, any «duty» (which term includes the responsibility for and the risks of the carrying out of customs formalities, and the payment of formalities, customs duties, taxes and other charges) for import in the country of destination. This term may be used irrespective of the mode of transport but when delivery is to take place in the port of destination on board the vessel or on the quay (wharf), the DES or DEQ terms should be used.
Delivered Ex Ship (DES)
Means that the seller delivers when the goods are placed at the disposal of the buyer on board the ship not cleared for import at the named port of destination. The seller has to bear all the costs and risks involved in bringing the goods to the named port of destination before discharging. If the parties wish the seller to bear the costs and risks of discharging the goods, then the DEQ term should be used. This term can be used only when the goods are to be delivered by sea or inland waterway or multimodal transport on a vessel in the port of destination.
Delivered Ex Quay (DEQ)
means that the seller delivers when the goods are placed at the disposal of the buyer not cleared for import on the quay (wharf) at the named port of destination. The seller has to bear costs and risks involved in bringing the goods to the named port of destination and discharging the goods on the quay (wharf). The DEQ term requires the buyer to clear the goods for import and to pay for all formalities, duties, taxes and other charges upon import. This term can be used only when the goods are to be delivered by sea or inland waterway or multimodal transport on discharging from a vessel onto the quay (wharf) in the port of destination. However if the parties wish to include in the seller's obligations the risks and costs of the handling of the goods from the quay to another place (warehouse, terminal, etc.) in or outside the port, the DDU or DDP terms should be used.
The process of delivering the shipment to the Consignee at the agreed place.
A document evidencing the delivery of a shipment to a Consignee.
Delivery Order A document issued by or on behalf of the Carrier authorising the release of import cargo to Consignee.
Order from the consignee, shipper, or owner of freight to a terminal operator, carrier, or warehouse to deliver freight to another party. On imports, may also be known as a pier release.
The party to which the shipment is to be delivered.
Another name for the supply chain, with emphasis on the customer or party controlling demand.
A contract whereby the shipowner leases his vessel to the Charterer for a period of time during which the use and management of the vessel passes to the Charterer, who pays all expenses for the manning, operation and maintenance of the vessel.
Additional charge imposed for exceeding the free time included in the freight rate for the use of equipment.
A location designated by the Carrier where empty containers are kept in stock and received from or delivered to the container operators or Shippers/Consignees.
Goto : Delivered Ex Quay
Lifting equipment on a conventional vessel for loading and discharging cargo, consisting of a vertical post attached to the deck and an inclined boom.
Goto : Delivered Ex Ship
Det Norske Veritas
Norwegian classification society.
Keeping equipment beyond the free time allowed. See also : Demurrage.
Charges levied on usage of equipment exceeding free time period.
The downgrading of a product due to prolonged storage, or damages resulting from external influences.
Goto : Stripping, Unstuffing.
Amount added or deducted from base rate to make a rate to or from some other point or via another route.
One company shipping directly to another without third party involvement.
Direct discharge from vessel onto railroad car, road vehicle or barge.
Transfer of leased containers from one lessee to another.
Sums paid on behalf of a Carrier by a ship's agent at a port and subsequently recovered from the Carrier.
The unloading of a vessel, vehicle, or aircraft.
Port where cargo is unloaded from vessel.
The weight of the quantity of water displaced by the vessel.
The full range of activities and planning required to move a product from the production line to the end user.
Distribution Requirements Planning
A system of determining demand for inventory at distribution centers, consolidating the demand information backwards, and acting as input to the production and material system.
Destination Interchange Terminal - The facility operated by the ocean carrier or his agent at which containers are interchanged with the delivering motor carrier.
Fee for diverting cargo from one discharge port to another.
Where vessel positions itself to load/unload.
Dock Receipt (DR)
Document issued by a shipping line acknowledging receipt of goods for shipment.
The basis of international trade by means of which payment is made against surrender of the original transport documents (B/L).
Double Stack Car
Rail car capable of carrying two FFE, one on top of each other.
Double Stack Train
A number of railway wagons, usually a block train, on which containers can be stacked two-high.
The period of time during which a machine is not available due operational failure or lack of maintenance.
The draft of a vessel is the vertical distance between the waterline and the bottom of the keel of the vessel.
Draft (Bill of Exchange)
A written order for a certain sum of money to be transferred on a certain date.
Draft Sight and Time
Sight Draft (S/D): A draft so drawn as to be payable upon presentation to the drawee or at a fixed or determination date thereafter.
Time Draft: A draft so drawn as to mature at a certain fixed time after presentation or acceptance.
Goto : Draft.
99% refund of imported, duty paid materials, which are to be exported.
Haulage of containers over the road via truck.
Goto : Container.
Facility used to lay up vessels for maintenance and/or repair.
Reefer container used to carry dry cargo not requiring temperature control.
Double Stack Train
Stowage material, mainly timber or board, used to prevent damage to cargo during carriage.
Payment returned for cargoes re-exported or trade show material returned. A Customs refund on re-exported cargo.
Goto : Deadweight.